January 2016 - Go Health

Monthly Archives: January 2016

Text Neck: How Your Smartphone Is Affecting Your Spine ?

spine surgery india

While technological devices have pretty much become indispensable to our lives, they could literally become a pain in the neck if we’re not careful. Read on to find out what text neck is, how it affects your health and how you can prevent it.

What is text neck?

An American chiropractor named Dean Fishman first coined the term ‘text neck’ to describe the repeated stress injury caused to the spine when a person spends a lot of time bent over an electric device, like a smartphone, tablet or e-reader. While it is a relatively new health condition, it is already a major global concern that is affecting millions of people.

How does text neck affect your health?

The human head weighs about 10 or 12 pounds. However, a study conducted at New York Spine & Rehab Medicine found that as the neck bends forward, the weight exerted on the cervical spine increases. If the person is bent forward at a 15 degree angle, the weight on the spine is 27 pounds, at a 30 degree angle it is 40 pounds and at a 60 degree angle, the weight is about 60 pounds. To give you an idea of what 60 pounds feels like, imagine having an eight year old child strapped around your neck for a couple hours every day.

On an average, people spend two to four hours bent over their phones per day. That adds up to anywhere between 700 and 1,400 hours of stress on your cervical spine every year. Teenagers who are in high school are the worst, since they spend an extra 5,000 hours per year in this position.

These are some of the ways that text neck can affect your health:

Soreness and inflammation in the neck.
Comprised structural integrity of the cervical spine, its curvature and its supporting ligaments, tendons, musculature and bones.
Pain in the neck, shoulders, back, arms, hands, wrists and fingers.
Headaches and either numbness or tingling in the extremities.
Long term problems like muscle strain, pinched nerves, herniated disks, early arthritis, spinal degeneration or misalignment, muscle damage, nerve damage and gastrointestinal problems.

How to avoid text neck?

To avoid the problems associated with text neck, make it a point to look at your device with your eyes, without dropping your neck forward. Exercise your neck as often as you can; roll your head around first clockwise then anti-clockwise, turn it from left to right, and nod your head up and down.

Source : http://goo.gl/0czEt9

Vaccine Shots Every Woman Should Take Before & During Pregnancy

Sudden changes in the immune system, heart and lungs make pregnant women more susceptible to serious ailments, and even death. Hence, it is imperative for women to get vaccinated before and during their pregnancies. The Federation of Obstetric and Gynaecological Societies of India (FOGSI) shares a compulsory immunisation schedule for pregnant women.

Pre-pregnancy

Rubella/German measles: This is for women with no history of rubella vaccination or a history of incomplete rubella vaccination. The vaccine should be given in the post-menstrual period. Pregnancy should be deferred for 3 months.

HPV: HPV vaccination should also be considered at this time. In case the woman becomes pregnant after receiving the first dose of HPV vaccination, the next dose should be deferred; however, there is no need to terminate the pregnancy. The rest of the dosages can be completed after delivery.

Varicella: This is for women with no history of varicella vaccination or a history of incomplete varicella vaccination. The vaccine should be given in the post-menstrual period. Pregnancy should be avoided for a month after the administration of the vaccine.

Hepatitis B: This is for women with no history of hepatitis B vaccination or a history of incomplete hepatitis B vaccination. The vaccine should be given in the post-menstrual period.

During Pregnancy

Tetanus/Diphtheria/Pertussis: In contrast to developed nations where tetanus is rare, it is still endemic in India. In 2012, there were 2404 cases of tetanus reported to the WHO from India. Tetanus diphtheria acellular pertussis (T-dap) vaccination can offer protection against diphtheria and pertussis in addition to tetanus. The regular pertussis vaccination is not advised during pregnancy. As recently as 2012, 2525 new cases of respiratory diphtheria were reported in India. For reasons that are not well understood, pockets of diphtheria are reappearing, primarily in developing countries.

Influenza: Influenza vaccination is recommended for mothers after 26 weeks. The inactivated influenza vaccine (as opposed to live attenuated vaccine) is recommended during pregnancy. The number of pregnant women dying of the flu is on the rise. This can be prevented through immunisation. A single shot flu vaccine is the safest and most effective way to prevent the flu and provide immunity to the mother and the baby. Higher rates of influenza-associated complications recorded among pregnant women during the the 2009 H1N1 pandemic resulted in the recognition of pregnant women as a high-risk group and therefore vaccination is recommended.

Source: http://goo.gl/RCoE12