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Retinal Surgery

Best Retinal Surgery in India

Retinal Detachment Surgery that stands one of eye surgeries places a detached retina back into its normal position.

retinal surgery

retinal surgery

Though a detached retina means the light-sensitive tissue in the back of eye has separated from its supporting layers, retinal detachment may occur at any age, but it is more common in mid-life and later.

The Retina normally lies firmly against inside back wall of the eyeball and functions much like the film in the back of a camera. If any part of retina is pulled from its normal position, it is believed as detached and will cause some vision loss.

Conditions that may augment the chance of a retinal detachment take in nearsightedness, previous cataract surgery, glaucoma, severe trauma, previous retinal detachment in your other eye, family history of retinal detachment, or weak areas in your retina that may be seen by your ophthalmologist.

Types of Retinal Detachment in India

1.       Rhegmatogenous Retinal Detachment-

A Rhegmatogenous retinal detachment happens due to a break in the retina that permits fluid to pass from the vitreous space into the sub-retinal space between the sensory retina and the retinal pigment epithelium.

2.       Exudative Retinal Detachment-

An exudative retinal detachment occurs due to inflammation, injury or vascular abnormalities that results in fluid accruing underneath the retina without the presence of a hole, tear, or break.

3.       Tractional Retinal Detachment-

A tractional retinal detachment happens when fibrovascular tissue, caused by an injury, inflammation or neovascularization drags the sensory retina from the retinal pigment epithelium.

Symptoms of Retinal Detachment

1.       Floaters

Floaters are reasoned by bits of debris in the vitreous gel throwing a shadow on the retina. Floaters are very common and most people may all expect to have a few as they become old. People who are short sighted or have had eye operations in the past often have more floaters. Floaters may take many shapes being described as rings, spiders’ legs or cobwebs. They are not in themselves a cause for concern especially if they have been present for months or years.

2.       Flashing Lights

Flashing lights occur when the retina is stimulated by something within the eye rather than by the light entering the eye. They are often caused by the vitreous gel inside the eye moving and pulling on the retina.

3.       Dark Shadow

If your retina detaches, then it cannot work properly. So, one will see this as a solid dark shadow coming in from the edge of your vision which one cannot see round or through.

4.       Blurring of Vision

If vision suddenly becomes blurred, especially if any of the other symptoms of flashing lights, floaters or a shadow are present, then this is called Blurring of vision that comes more serious and one may need to consult optometrist as soon as possible.

5.       Diagnosis

Retinal detachment may be examined by fundus photography. Fundus photography generally needs a considerably larger instrument. Modern fundus photographs generally recreate larger areas of the fundus than what may be seen at any one time with hand-held ophthalmoscopes.

Treatment to Retinal Detachment

1.       Vitrectomy

Vitrectomy involves removing the vitreous gel and replacing it with either a gas bubble or, occasionally, clear silicone oil. The gas bubble or silicone liquid then holds the retina in place against the inside of your eye.

2.       Scleral buckle

Scleral buckle involves attaching a tiny piece of silicone sponge or harder plastic to the outside of your eye. This presses on the outside of the eye, causing the inside of the eye to slightly move inwards. This pushes the inside of the eye against the detached retina into a position which helps the retina to reattach.

After the Surgery

After surgery, the quality of vision relies on where the detachment occurred, and the cause:

  • If the central area of vision was not involved, vision will usually be very good.
  • If the macula was involved for less than 1 week, vision will usually be improved, but not to 20/20.

If the macula was detached for a long time, some vision will return, but it will be very impaired