Epilepsy Surgery in India at Delhi Mumbai Bangalore – Neurosurgery

Epilepsy

Best Epilepsy Surgery in India

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Epilepsy, one of chronic neurological disorders, appears as a paroxysmal behavioral spell usually caused by an extreme disorderly discharge of cortical nerve cells of brain. At Go Health India, doctors use brain scans and other tests to make diagnosis for epilepsy. So it is important to start treatment right away. Though there is no cure for epilepsy, but medicines may control seizures for the most people. When medicines are not to work well, surgery/implanted devices such as vagus nerve stimulators may help.

Causes of Epilepsy

Some seizures are idiopathic meaning that the cause cannot be identified. Usually such seizures begin between ages 5 and 20, but they may occur at any age. People with this condition have no other neurological problems, but often have a family history of seizures or epilepsy.

Types of Epilepsy

1.       Generalised Epilepsy

  • Generalised Tonic Clonic seizures
  • Absences
  • Myoclonic epilepsy

2.       Partial Epilepsy

  • Simple partial seizure
  • Complex partial seizure

3.       Partial Becoming Generalized

Symptoms to Epilepsy

  • Epilepsy is characterized by a long term risk of recurrent seizures.
  • The tongue may be bitten at either the tip or on the sides during a seizure.
  • In tonic-clonic seizure, the sides are more common however bites to the tip may also occur.
  • An absence seizure presents with a decreased level of awareness.

Diagnosis to Epilepsy

  • Epilepsy is most often diagnosed after you have had more than one seizure. This is because many people have a one-off epileptic seizure during their lifetime.
  • The most important information needed by neurologist appears as a description of your seizures. This is how most cases of epilepsy are diagnosed.
  • Also some scans may be used to determine which areas of your brain are concerned by epilepsy, but these alone cannot be used for a diagnosis.

Treatments to Epilepsy

1.       Temporal Lobectomy

This is the removal of a portion of the temporal lobe of the brain, and is also the most successful type. Temporal lobectomy surgery has been recognized as an efficient treatment option for certain types of seizures in patients diagnosed with temporal lobe epilepsy.

2.       Lesionectomy

Lesionectomy is an operation to remove a damaged or abnormally functioning area in the brain. Brain lesions include tumors, scars from a head injury or infection, abnormal blood vessels, and hematomas.

3.       Hemispherectomy

Hemispherectomy materializes out as the surgical removal to one half of the brain leaving the deep structures intact. This is only considered for those who have severe epilepsy with seizures arising from only one side of the brain.

4.       Corpus Callosotomy

Corpus Callosotomy is used to treat epilepsy that is unresponsive to drug treatments. This lets the hemispheres to prolong sharing visual information. If this does not manage the serious seizures, the remainder of the corpus callosum can be cut in a second operation.

5.       Vagus Nerve Stimulation

Vagus Nerve Stimulation entails the implantation of a generator that rouses the vagus nerve and thus lessens seizure activity. This surgery is performed under general anesthesia

6.       Multiple Subpial Transections

Multiple subpial transections assist to eliminate seizures arising from vital functional areas of the cerebral cortex. This procedure has been successful in an abnormal type of epilepsy. Multiple Subpial Transections prevents the seizure impulses by cutting nerve fibers in the outer layers of the brain, sparing the vital functions concentrated in the deeper layers of brain tissue.