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Scoliosis

Acquaint with Scoliosis    

Consider Scoliosis a disorder that causes an abnormal curve of spine, or backbone. Scoliosis is a lateral curvature in the usually straight verticalsco-sp line of the spine. When viewed from the side, the spine is to show a gentle roundness in the upper back and confirms a degree of swayback in the lower back. When a person with scoliosis is viewed from the front or back, the spine appears to be curved.

What Causes to Scoliosis?

1. Congenital Scoliosis: This is caused by a bone abnormality present at birth.

2.  Neuromuscular Scoliosis: Know Neuromuscular scoliosis a result of abnormal muscles or nerves. This is frequently seen in people with spina bifida or cerebral palsy that are accompanied by paralysis as a result.

3. Degenerative Scoliosis: This may result from traumatic bone collapse, previous major back surgery, or osteoporosis.

4.  Idiopathic Scoliosis: Idiopathic scoliosis, the most common type of scoliosis, has no specific identifiable cause. As there are many theories, but none have been found to be conclusive. There is, however, strong evidence that idiopathic scoliosis is inherited.

Symptoms of Scoliosis

  • A tilted head that does not arrange over the hips
  • A protruding shoulder blade
  • One hip/shoulder that is higher than other, reasoning an uneven hem/shirt line
  • An uneven neckline
  • Leaning more to one side than the other

Diagnosis of Scoliosis

Most scoliosis curves are at first noticed on school screening exams, by a child’s pediatrician, or by a parent. With some signs that a child may have scoliosis comprise uneven shoulders, a prominent shoulder blade, uneven waist, or leaning to one side, it is needed to keep in mind that the diagnosis of scoliosis and type of scoliosis are then made by a careful bone exam and an X-ray to assess the magnitude of the curve.

Treatment for Scoliosis

1.       Bracing

Bracing is the usual treatment for adolescents having a spinal curve between 25 degrees to 40 degrees — particularly if their bones are still maturing and if they have at least 2 years of growth remaining. The goal of bracing is to put off further progression since the brace cannot correct curves.

2.       Surgical Treatment

This comes for curves which are usually greater than 50 degrees for adolescent patients and adults. Surgery may be performed for smaller curves if the appearance to the curvature is troublesome to the patient. The goals of surgical treatment are to get curve correction and to stop curve progression.